How to Install MySQL on Debian 10

Install MySQL on Debian 10

In this article, we will have explained the necessary steps to install and configure MySQL on Debian 10. Before continuing with this tutorial, make sure you are logged in as a user with sudo privileges. All the commands in this tutorial should be run as a non-root user.

MySQL is the most popular open-source relational database management system. It supports both SQL and NoSQL and has a pluggable storage engine architecture. Additionally, it also comes with multiple database connectors for different programming languages, allowing you to develop applications using any of the well-known languages, and many other features.


  • Operating System with Debian 10
  • Server IPv4 Address with Superuser Privileges (Root Access)
  • Gnome Terminal for Linux Desktop
  • PuTTy SSH client for Windows or macOS
  • Powershell for Windows 10/11
  • Familiar with APT Commands

Install MySQL on Debian

Step 1. The first command will update the package lists to ensure you get the latest version and dependencies.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing MySQL on Debian.

Install the MySQL package with the following command:

sudo apt install mysql-server

Now confirm the installation and check the MySQL version by typing the following command:

mysql -V

After completing installation MySQL will start automatically:

sudo systemctl start mysql
sudo systemctl enable mysql

Step 3. Secure MySQL server.

You should now run mysql_secure_installation to configure security for your MariaDB server:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Then enter YES/Y to the following security questions:

    Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
    Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
    Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
    Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y

As a test, you can log into the MariaDB server and run the version command:

mysql -u root -p

Congratulation, you have learned how to install and configure MySQL on Debian 10 Buster. If you have any question, please leave a comment below.