How to Install Joomla with LAMP on Ubuntu 20.04

Install Joomla with LAMP on Ubuntu 20.04

In this article, we will have explained the necessary steps to install and configure Joomla with LAMP on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. Before continuing with this tutorial, make sure you are logged in as a user with sudo privileges. All the commands in this tutorial should be run as a non-root user.

Joomla is one of the most popular open-source content management systems that powers hundreds of thousands of websites. It is written in PHP and packs a ton of features that can be extended with free and premium extensions and themes. With Joomla, you can easily build your eCommerce store, personal website, or blog.

Install Joomla with LAMP on Ubuntu 20.04

Step 1. First, before you start installing any package on your Ubuntu server, we always recommend making sure that all system packages are updated.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Install LAMP Stack on Ubuntu.

Joomla is built with PHP. You can host it like you would any other web app is written in PHP. So, you’re going to need to set Ubuntu up as either a LAMP server. If you haven’t done so already, use our traditional LAMP guide to set up Ubuntu to serve PHP before you continue.

Step 3. Install Joomla with LAMP on Ubuntu 20.04.

Now download the latest version of Joomla from the official page:

wget https://downloads.joomla.org/cms/joomla3/3-9-18/joomla_3-9-18-stable-full_package-zip
sudo unzip -d /var/www/joomla /tmp/joomla_3-9-18-stable-full_package-zip

Next, we are going to assign Apache permissions with the following commands:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/joomla/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/joomla/

Step 4. Creating a MySQL database for Joomla.

Joomla uses the MySQL database to store all its data like posts, pages, users, plugins, and themes settings. Log in to your MySQL server with the following command and enter your MySQL root password:

mysql -u root -p

Once you’re in the MySQL console, create a new database:

CREATE DATABASE joomladb;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON joomladb.* TO 'admin_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'Your_Strong_Password';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit;

Step 5. Configuring Apache for Joomla.

Create a new virtual host configuration file for your Joomla website, named your-domain.com.conf:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/your_domain.com.conf

And add the following content to the file:

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin admin@your-domain.com
     DocumentRoot /var/www/joomla
     ServerName your-domain.com
     ServerAlias www.your-domain.com

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

     <Directory /var/www/joomla/>
            Options FollowSymlinks
            AllowOverride All
            Require all granted
     </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

To enable the virtual host we have just created, run the following command:

ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/your-domain.com.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/your-domain.com.conf

For the new configuration to take effect, restart the Apache service by typing:

sudo a2ensite your_domain.com.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite 
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 6. Secure Joomla with Let’s Encrypt SSL.

First, you will need to install the Certbot client to install and manage the Let’s Encrypt SSL. You can install it with the following command:

sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache

Once the Certbot is installed, run the following command to download and install Let’s Encrypt SSL for your website:

certbot --apache -d your_domain.com

Step 7. Completing the Joomla Installation.

In the last step of this guide, we need to access the Joomla Web Interface and finish the installation. To finish the installation, open your browser and navigate to:

https://your_domain.com or your_ip_address

That’s all you need to do to install Joomla on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa. I hope you find this quick tip helpful. For further reading on Joomla, please refer to their official knowledge base. If you have questions or suggestions, feel free to leave a comment below.